Birds of Acadia

Acadia Home

Introduction

Birds are animals (Animalia) of the class Aves. Most birds fly and all birds have feathers. Over 130 species of birds are native to Mount Desert Island. This discussion provides enough information to identify the species and the time of year and areas of Mount Desert Island and Acadia National Park in which to search for the specific species.

After the common name of the species, the Latin genus and species names are given. In accordance with current practice, the genus name starts with an upper case letter while the entire species name is in lower case letters. The common family name and Latin family name are also given at the beginning of the list of birds in that family one might find in Acadia National Park. Mount Desert Island is located beneath the migration path for numerous birds. At certain times of year, a specific species may visit the island briefly. In addition, birds that normally stay out to sea may visit the island. Thus, Mount Desert Island and Acadia National Park is a Mecca for bird watchers. This page describes over 200 species that may be found on Mount Desert Island or in the vicinity.

Using this Information on Birds

The type of environment in which one can expect to find a species of bird and the time of year the bird may be found in or near Acadia National Park are stated for each species. A brief description of the bird; including the length of an adult, colors, and distinguishing features; is also included. This information does not substitute for a good field guide (see the list of references), but will help plan expeditions and identify birds that are sighted.

Birds that live on or around bodies of water are active during all the daylight hours. Marsh birds are most active immediately after dawn. Land birds are active from dawn to mid-morning. From mid-morning to late in the day, both marsh and land birds are inactive. Late in the afternoon until nightfall, all these birds become active again. At night, owls and nightjars become active. This schedule of bird activity should be kept in mind when looking for a specific species.

Some species are difficult to differentiate, particularly the females and young. Male birds will frequently have different plumage when breeding. Thus, mated pairs are often easier to identify than individuals. Enough information is provided to identify most birds or narrow the possibilities. This topic lists families of birds in alphabetical order by the English common family name. The Latin family name is also given. The species within a family are listed alphabetically by the English common name followed by the Latin genus and species name. At the beginning of each family group, general information about the family is given. This information includes the common and Latin name of the family, their nesting habits, and the food they prefer. All birds in that family that might be found near Acadia National Park are listed by species. Some species may visit the area only on rare occasions. Species in the family but not listed may visit Acadia National Park. These "accidental" visits are unlikely. When the species description indicates that the species is "transient," the bird stops briefly during migration to another area. "Rare" visitors or residents will stay for longer periods. One should not expect to see birds that are listed as rare visitors. 

References

1. Bond, James, NATIVE BIRDS OF MOUNT DESERT ISLAND, 1971, The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia.

2. Bull, John and John Farrand, Jr., THE AUDUBON SOCIETY FIELD GUIDE TO NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS, Eastern Region, 1977, Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

3. Palmer, E. Laurence and H. Seymour Fowler, FIELDBOOK OF NATURAL HISTORY, Second Edition, 1975, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

4. Peterson, Roger Tory, A FIELD GUIDE TO THE BIRDS, Eastern Land and Water Birds, 1964, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.

Click on one of the families listed in the following table to go to that family on this page.

Auks Cormorants Creepers Cuckoos Falcons Gannets and Boobies
Grebes Grosbeaks, Buntings, Finches and Sparrows Grouse Gulls and Terns Hawks and Eagles Herons and Bitterns
Hummingbirds Ibises and Spoonbills Jaegers and Skuas Jays, Magpies and Crows Kingfishers Larks
Loons Mockingbirds and Thrashers Nightjars Nuthatches Old World Warblers Orioles and Blackbirds
Ospreys Pigeons and Doves Plovers Quail, Partridges and Pheasants Rails, Gallinules and Coots Sandpipers
Shearwaters and Fulmers Shrikes Starlings Storm-Petrels Swallows Swans, Geese and Ducks
Swifts Tanagers Thrushes Titmice and Verdins True Owls Tyrant Flycatchers
Vireos Waxwings Weavers and Finches WrWoodpeckersens Wood Warblers Wrens

Auks - Alcidae

Auks are generally black and white birds that nest in cliffs along rocky coasts during late spring, summer, and early fall. They stay at sea for most of the winter. Their food consists of fish and squid.

Black Guillemot - Cepphus grylle

13" (33cm). Black with white patches on the wings. Red feet. Resident all year. Lives in rocks along the coast.

Common Murre - Uria aalge

17" (43cm). Black with a white breast. Thin, pointed bill. Resident all year. Lives in rocks along the coast. Also called the "Atlantic Murre."

Common Puffin - Fratercula arctica

12" (30cm). Black with a white face and breast. The large bill is red and yellow. Red legs. Rare visitor. Lives on rocky islands out to sea.

Dovekie - Alle alle

8" (20cm). Black with white breast and short bill. Resident all year. Lives on coastal cliffs or may be found out to sea.

Razorbill - Alca torda

17" (43cm). Black with a white breast and large bill. Resident all year. May be found over water or on land during harsh weather. Also called the "Razor-billed Auk."

Thick-billed Murre - Uria lomvia

18" (46cm). Black with white breast and a white throat in the winter. Winter resident. Lives in high rocks above the coast. Also called "Brunnich's Murre."

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Cormorants - Phalacrocoracidae

Cormorants are large birds distinguished by long, hooked bills; webbed feet; and black and/or white plumage. They nest in trees or even on the ground. Their primary diet is fish.

Double-crested Cormorant - Phalacrocorax auritus

35" (89cm). Black with long neck and orange throat pouch. Summer resident. May be found on both fresh and salt water.

Great Cormorant - Phalacrocorax carbo

40" (102cm). Black with white throat and yellow chin. Winter resident. May be found on cliffs and rocks. Also called the "European Cormorant."

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Creepers - Certhiidae

Only one species of Creepers live in North America, the Brown Creeper. This bird clings to trees and creeps up the trees in search of food that consists primarily of spiders and soft-bodied insects. Creepers have curved bills. Their nests are placed against a tree trunk.

Brown Creeper - Certhia familiaris

5.75" (14cm). Brown with black patches and light underparts. Summer resident. Lives in woods.

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Cuckoos - Cuculidae

Cuckoos build their nests in brush and tend to hide themselves. They eat large quantities of caterpillars and larvae. When the number of tent caterpillars increase, the number of cuckoos will increase.

Black-billed Cuckoo - Coccyzus erythrophthalmus

12" (30cm). Brown with white underparts, a black bill, and red eye ring. Summer resident. Lives in brush.

Yellow-billed Cuckoo - Coccyzus americanus

12.5" (32cm). Brown with white underparts, white patches under the tail, and a yellow bill. Summer resident. Lives in brush.

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Falcons - Falconidae

Falcons are fast-flying birds which feed on other birds (often catching them in flight), small animals, and carrion. They do not build nests, but use abandoned nests, tree holes, or depressions in the ground.

American Kestrel - Falco sparverius

12" (30cm). Red-brown with black spots. The male has blue wings. Summer resident. Found in open areas. Sometimes called the "Sparrow Hawk."

Gyrfalcon - Falco rusticolus

22" (56cm). Black, white or grayish-brown. Rare winter visitor. Found on cliffs near water.

Merlin - Falco columbarius

14" (35cm). Brown. Lighter underparts with brown patches. Winter resident. Lives in forests. Sometimes called the "Pigeon Hawk."

Peregrine Falcon - Falco peregrinus

21" (53cm). Gray. Lighter colored underparts. Summer resident. May be found in open areas. Nests on cliffs. Recently re-established in Acadia National Park. Sometimes called the "Duck Hawk."

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Gannets, Boobies - Sulidae

Gannets nest on cliffs near the ocean and feed on fish. Generally, Gannets in the vicinity of Acadia National Park will be spotted over the ocean. They usually breed farther north.

Gannet - Morus bassanus

40" (102cm). White with black wing tips. When breeding, its head is orange. Winter resident. May be found off the coast over open waters.

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Grebes - Podicipedidae

Grebes build floating nests in fresh water and marshes. They feed on either fresh or salt water fish, but may also eat vegetation.

Horned Grebe - Podiceps auritus

15" (38cm). Black with white around the ears. Short, pointed bill. Winter resident. May be found along the coast.

Pied-billed Grebe - Podilymbus podiceps

15" (38cm). Brown with a short, white bill. Resident. May be found in fresh water or in salt water in winter.

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Grosbeaks, Buntings, Finches, Sparrows - Fringillidae

The Fringillidae family is the largest bird family in terms of the number of species. They nest in trees or brush. Their diet consists mostly of seeds, but they also consume large quantities of insects.

American Goldfinch - Cardvelis tristis

5" (14cm). Yellow with black forehead, wings, and tail. The wings have white edges. Summer resident. May be found in brush and woods.

Cardinal - Cardinalis cardinalis

9" (23cm). The male is red with some black around the bill. The female is brown with red on the wings, tail, and crest. Resident all year. May be found in woodlands.

Chipping Sparrow - Spizella passerina

5.5" (14cm). Brown and black. The top of head is lighter brown. The face is gray with white eyebrows. Summer resident. Likes open areas.

Dark-eyed Junco - Junco hyemalis

6.5" (16cm). Slate-gray with white underparts, black eyes, and a pink bill. Summer resident. Lives in forests. Very common. Also known as the "Slate-colored Junco."

Evening Grosbeak - Hesperiphona vespertina

8.5" (21cm). Yellow and brown with black and white wings and a greenish yellow bill. Resident all year. May be found in forests.

Field Sparrow - Spizella pusilla

5.25" (13cm). Brown with gray head and underparts, red patch on top of head, white eye-ring, and pink bill. Summer resident. Found in fields.

Fox Sparrow - Passerella iliaca

7.5" (19cm). Reddish brown. White with brown spots underneath. Gray on head. Winter resident. May be found in brush.

Indigo Bunting - Passerina cyanea

5.5" (14cm). Male is black, but looks cyan (indigo) in bright light. The female is brown with light underparts. Summer resident. Lives in brush.

Lapland Longspur - Calcarius lapponicus

7" (17cm). Black and gray. Brown patch at base of head (nape). Winter resident. Prefers open areas.

Lincoln's Sparrow - Melospiza lincolnii

6" (15cm). Brown and black with two red stripes on the top of the head. Summer resident. May be found in brush near water.

Pine Grosbeak - Pinicola enucleator

10" (25cm). Male is pink with white patches on the wings. Female is gray with some green on the head and white patches on the wings. Summer resident. May be found in woods.

Pine Siskin - Carduelis pinus

5" (13cm). Brown with yellow patches on the wings and tail. Resident all year. Prefers forests.

Purple Finch - Carpodacus purpureus

6.5" (16cm). Male is reddish purple. Female is brown with a light eyebrow. Resident all year. May be found in woodlands. Common.

Red Crossbill - Loxia curvirostra

6.5" (16cm). Male is red with brown wings. Female is gray and green. Resident all year. May be found in forests.

Rose-breasted Grosbeak - Pheucticus ludovicianus

8" (20cm). Male is black and white with a red patch on the breast. Female is brown and white with a white eyebrow. Summer resident. May be found in woods.

Rufous-sided Towhee - Pipilo erythrophthalmus

9.5" (24cm). Brown or black with white underparts and reddish-brown patches on the sides. Resident all year. May be found on the edges of woods. Also called the "Chewink."

Sharp-tailed Sparrow - Ammospiza caudacuta

5.5" (14cm). Brown with an orange patch on the face, gray around the ears, and darker on the top of the head. Summer resident. May be found in marshes.

Savannah Sparrow - Passerculus sandwichensis

6" (15cm). Brown and black with a yellow eyebrow. Resident all year. Prefers open areas. Also known as the "Ipswitch Sparrow."

Snow Bunting - plectrophenax nivalis

7.25" (18cm). Brown and black with white underparts. Winter resident. Prefers open areas.

Song Sparrow - Melospiza melodia

7" (17cm). Brown and light gray with a dark patch on its breast. Resident all year. May be found in open areas.

Swamp Sparrow - Melospiza georgiana

5" (13cm). Brown, black, and gray. Red on top of head and reddish brown wings. Summer resident. May be found in marshes and fields.

Tree Sparrow - Spizella arborea

6.5" (16cm). Gray with brown on the top of the head and a dark patch on the breast. Transient visitor. Prefers open areas near trees.

Vesper Sparrow - Pooecetes gramineus

6.5" (16cm). Gray and brown with white rings around the eyes. Resident all year. May be found in open areas.

White-throated Sparrow - Zonotrichia albicollis

7" (17cm). Brown with gray underparts, a white patch on the throat, black and white stripes on the head, and yellow near the bill. Resident all year. Lives in brush.

White-winged Crossbill - Loxia leucoptera

6.5" (16cm). Pink and brown with white patches on the wings. Winter resident. Prefers forests.

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Grouse - Tetraonidae

Grouse build nests on the ground where the nests are concealed by brush. They eat vegetation, including nuts and fruits, and some insects.

Ruffed Grouse - Bonasa umbellus

19" (48cm). Light brown, gray and black. Resident all year. Lives in deciduous woods.

Spruce Grouse - Canachites canadensis

17" (43cm). Male is gray and brown with a black throat and white spots on the sides. Female is brown. Resident all year. Lives in forests.

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Gulls, Terns - Laridae

Gulls have hooked bills and terns have straight bills. Both have webbed feet, eat fish, and build nests in colonies along the coast of the ocean, in marshes, or the shores of fresh water lakes and rivers. Terns prefer warmer climates which accounts for the greater number of gulls in the vicinity of Acadia National Park.

Arctic Tern - Sterna paradisaea

17" (43cm). White with black head, gray belly, and red bill. Summer resident. May be found on the coast.

Black-headed Gull - Larus ridibundus

15" (38cm). Gray with white underparts, black under the wings, red legs, and a red bill. Dark head. Rare winter visitor. Usually found on bays.

Black-legged Kittiwake - Rissa tridactyla

18" (46cm). Gray with black wing tips, white head and underparts. Winter visitor. Usually stays at sea. Also called the "Kittiwake."

Common Tern - Sterna hirundo

16" (40cm). White with gray back and wings. The top of the head is black. The bill is red with a black tip. Summer resident. May be found on fresh or salt water.

Great Black-backed Gull - Larus marinus

30" (76cm). White with black back and wings, pink legs, and a yellow bill. Resident all year. May be found along the coast.

Herring Gull - Larus argentatus

26" (66cm). White with gray back, black wing tips with white spots, and pink feet. Resident all year. May be found on fresh or salt water.

Iceland Gull - Larus glaucoides

23" (58cm). Light gray to white with a pink bill and pink feet. Winter resident. Usually found along the shore. A frequent visitor to dumps.

Laughing Gull - Larus atricilla

17" (43cm). White with gray back and wings. Head color changes with the seasons. The rear edge of the wings are white and the tips are black. Resident all year. May be found in bays or salt marshes.

Least Tern - Sterna albifrons

10" (25cm). White with a gray back and wings, black head (except forehead), and yellow bill. Summer resident. May be found on beaches.

Lesser Black-backed Gull - Larus fuscus

23" (58cm). White with gray to black back and wings, and yellow legs. Rare summer visitor. Prefers open areas.

Little Gull - Larus minutus

11" (28cm). White with gray back and wings, dark head, dark red bill, and red legs. Winter resident. May be found on fresh or salt water.

Ring-billed Gull - Larus delawarensis

20" (50cm). White with silver gray back and wings, dark tail, and yellow feet. Transient visitor. May be found on lakes and rivers.

Roseate Tern - Sterna dougallii

17" (43cm). White with gray back and wings, and black on the top of the head to the back. Summer resident. May be found on the shore or islands.

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Hawks, Eagles - Accipitridae

Hawks and Eagles build nests high on cliffs or in tall trees. They eat meat, usually live prey, and, occasionally, insects.

Bald Eagle - Haliaeetus leucocephalus

31" (79cm). Dark brown with white head and tail, and yellow bill. Resident all year. May be found near water on cliffs or in large trees.

Broad-winged Hawk - Buteo platypterus

15" (38cm). Brown with reddish brown underparts and black and white patches on the tail. Summer resident. Prefers deciduous woods.

Cooper's Hawk - Accipiter cooperii

20" (51cm). Gray with reddish brown patches on its underparts. Summer resident. Usually found in forests.

Golden Eagle - Aquila chrysaetos

41" (104cm). All brown except for a gold patch on the back of the neck (nape). Rare resident all year. Prefers deciduous forests with high cliffs.

Goshawk - Accipiter gentilis

26" (66cm). Dark gray with lighter underparts, black on the top of the head, and a white eyebrow. Resident all year. May be found in forests.

Marsh Hawk - Circus cyaneus

24" (61cm). Male is gray. Female is brown with a white rump. Resident all year. Usually found in marshes and grasslands. Also called the "Harrier."

Red-shouldered Hawk - Buteo lineatus

24" (61cm). Brown with red shoulders, and reddish-brown underparts. Summer resident. Prefers deciduous woods near water.

Red-tailed Hawk - Buteo jamaicensis

25" (63cm). Brown with lighter breast, and a reddish brown tail. Resident all year. May be found in deciduous woods.

Rough-legged Hawk - Buteo lagopus

 24" (61cm). Brown and white with a white tail. The tip of the tail is dark. Winter resident. Prefers open areas and marshes.

Sharp-shinned Hawk - Accipiter striatus

14" (35cm). Gray with reddish brown patches underneath a square tail. Resident all year. May be found in forests.

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Herons, Bitterns - Ardeidae

Herons and Bitterns are large birds with long necks and long bills, but do not have webbed feet. They build nests in trees or brush, often in colonies. Fish is their primary food.

American Bittern - Botaurus lentiginosus

34" (86cm). Brown with a black streak on the side of the neck. Summer resident. Prefers fresh water marshes.

Black-crowned Night Heron - Nycticorax nycticorax

28" (71cm). Gray with black back and top of head, white breast, and black bill. Summer resident. Found in marshes at night.

Great Blue Heron - Ardea herodias

52" (132cm). Grayish blue with yellow bill. Summer resident. May be found near fresh water.

Green Heron - Butorides striatus

22" (56cm). Greenish-gray with brown head and neck, a black patch on the top of the head, and orange or yellow legs. Summer resident. May be found near fresh water.

Least Bittern - Ixobrychus exilis

14" (35cm). Brown with lighter patches on the wings, and white underparts. Summer resident. May be found in fresh water marshes.

Snowy Egret - Egretta thula

27" (68cm). White with black bill, black legs, and yellow feet. Resident all year. May be found in both fresh and salt water.

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Hummingbirds - Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are native to the Americas. They can fly backwards and hover which allows them to feed on the nectar of flowers without perching. Their nests are woven from down around the branch of a tree, usually near a clearing. Only the Ruby-throated Hummingbird is found in the vicinity of Acadia National Park. These tiny birds are sometimes mistaken for large insects. They have little fear of man and may be attracted with sweetened water.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Archilochus colubris

3.5" (9cm). Green with white underparts. The male has a red throat. Summer resident. Common. Found near flowers or woodlands.

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Ibises, Spoonbills - Thresklornithidae

Ibises have long, curved bills. Spoonbills have straight bills that broaden at the tip, whence the name. Both nest in trees and brush and eat fish, insects, or other small animals that live in water. Because they prefer warm climates, only the Glossy Ibis is found in Down-east Maine.

Glossy Ibis - Plegadis falcinellus

25" (63cm). Brown with green wings and a down-curved bill. Resident all year. May be found in marshes or bays.

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Jaegers, Skuas - Stercorariidae

Of the Jaegers and Skuas, only the Skua is an accidental visitor to the Mount Desert Island area. These birds nest on the ground and eat the fish they steal from other birds. In their usual tundra habitat, they eat rodents and the eggs of other birds.

Skua - Catharacta skua

21" (53cm). Grayish-brown with white patches on the wings. Transient visitor. May be found over the ocean.

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Jays, Magpies, Crows - Corvidae

Jays, Magpies, and Crows nest in trees. They eat flesh killed by some other animal, insects, and vegetation. They squawk rather than sing and are frequently heard throughout Acadia National Park.

Blue Jay - Cyanocitta cristata

12" (30cm). Blue with white and black patches. Resident all year. Prefers oak forests. Common.

Common Crow - Corvus brachyrhynchos

21" (53cm). Black with fan-shaped tail (ravens have wedge-shaped tails). Resident all year. Common. May be found anywhere on land.

Common Raven - Corvus corax

27" (68cm). Black with wedge-shaped tail (crows have fan-shaped tails). Resident all year. May be found in the forests or along the coast.

Gray Jay - Perisoreus canadensis

13" (33cm). Gray with white underparts, a white patch on the back of the neck, and a black stripe through each eye. Resident all year. Prefers forests. Also called the "Canada Jay."

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Kingfishers - Alcedinidae

Kingfishers nest in tunnels built into banks of bodies of water. They feed on fish.

Belted Kingfisher - Megaceryle alcyon

13" (33cm). Blue-gray with white underparts. The female has a brown band on the belly. The male has a blue band on the breast. Summer resident. May be found near water.

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Larks - Alaudidae

Larks nest on the ground and feed on insects and seeds. Only one species is found in North America.

Horned Lark - Eremophila alpestris

8" (20cm). Brown with black under the eyes and a black patch on the breast. Resident all year. Prefers open areas.

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Loons - Gaviidae

Loons have webbed feet; long, pointed bills; and feed on fish. Their nests are found near water and usually on an island.

Common Loon - Gavia immer

36" (91cm). Black and white with black and white collar. Summer resident. May be found in water near woods.

Red-throated Loon - Gavia stellata

27" (68cm). Black with white spots. Similar to the Common Loon, but no collar. Winter resident. May be found on bays.

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Mockingbirds, Thrashers - Mimdae

Mockingbirds and Thrashers build nests in brush and feed largely on insects. They tend to mimic other birds and fiercely defend their territory.

Brown Thrasher - Toxostoma rufum

11.5" (29cm). Brown with white underparts spotted with brown patches. Summer resident. May be found in brush.

Gray Catbird - Dumetella carolinensis

9.25" (23cm). Gray with a dark patch on the top of the head. Summer resident. Lives in brush. Sometimes called the "Catbird."

Mockingbird - Mimus polyglottos

11' (28cm). Gray to brown with white patches on the wings and tail. Summer resident. Prefers open country.

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Nightjars - Caprimulgidae

Nightjars nest on the ground. They are most active at dusk and during the night when they feed on flying insects.

Common Nighthawk - Chordeiles minor

10" (25cm). Blue with white patches and white on outer wings. Summer resident. May be found in open country. This bird is not strictly nocturnal. Also called the "Nighthawk."

Whip-poor-will - Caprimulgus vociferus

10" (25cm). Dark brown with a black throat. Summer resident. Prefers woods near fields.

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Nuthatches - Sittidae

Nuthatches build nests in tree cavities and eat insects and seeds. They frequently travel along tree trunks head downward which is peculiar to this family.

Red-breasted Nuthatch - Sitta canadensis

4.75" (12cm). Gray with light red underparts, black on the top of the head, black line through each eye, and white eyebrows. Resident all year. Common. Prefers coniferous forests.

White-breasted Nuthatch - Sitta carolinensis

6" (15cm). Gray with white underparts and face, and black on top of the head. Resident all year. Common. May be found in any woods.

NOTE: Nuthatches and Chickadees are very common in Acadia National Park and are easy to confuse. Chickadees have a solid color from the tops of their heads to just below the eyes, Nuthatches do not. Also, Nuthatches will cling to trees, but Chickadees perch.

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Old World Warblers (Kinglets and Gnatcatchers) - Sylviidae

Kinglets build nests in conifer trees and feed on insects and arachnids (spiders, ticks, etc.).

Golden-crowned Kinglet - Regulus satrapa

4" (10cm). Green with lighter underparts, white eyebrow, and top of the head is yellow with a black border. Resident all year. May be found in forests.

Ruby-crowned Kinglet - Regulus calendula

4.5" (11cm). Green with lighter underparts, white eyebrow, and top of head is red bordered with black. Summer resident. May be found in forests.

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Orioles, Blackbirds - Icteridae

Orioles, Grackles, Cowbirds, Blackbirds, Bobolinks and Meadowlarks are members of this large and strictly American family. They eat seeds and insects and sometimes flesh of small animals. Their nesting habits vary.

Bobolink - Delichonyx oryzivorus

8" (20cm). Male is black with a white patch on the back and a light patch on the back of the neck (nape). Female is black and yellowish-brown. Summer resident. Prefers open areas. Nests are built into the ground.

Brown-headed Cowbird - Molothrus ater

8" (20cm). Male is black with a dark brown head. Female is dark gray. Summer resident. Prefers open areas. Also called the "Cowbird." Uses nests built by other birds.

Common Grackle - Quiscalus quiscula

12" (30cm). Iridescent black to green with yellow eyes. Resident all year. Prefers open areas. Also called the "Purple Grackle." They build nests in trees or brush.

Eastern Meadowlark - Sturnella magna

11" (28cm). Brown and white with a yellow breast on which is a black V-shaped patch, and a white edge on the tail. Summer resident. Prefers open areas. Nests are built into the ground.

Northern Oriole - Icterus galbula

8.5" (21cm). Black with orange breast and some orange on the wings. Summer resident. Found in woods. Also called the "Baltimore Oriole." Nests are woven and hung from tree branches.

Red-winged Blackbird - Agelaius phoeniceus

9.5" (24cm). Male is black with red wing patches tipped with white when breeding. Female is black with brown streaks. Summer resident. Usually found in marshes and open fields. Also called the "Red-wing." Nests are built in bushes or small trees.

Rusty Blackbird - Euphagus carolinus

9" (23cm). Gray to black with yellow eyes. Summer resident. Found in woods near water. Nests are found in bushes or small trees.

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Ospreys - Pandionidae

Ospreys consist of only one species. They usually build their nests in trees or other elevated structures, but may build them on the ground. Their diet consists of fish only.

Osprey - Pandion haliaetus

24" (61cm). Brown with white head and underparts, and brown line through each eye. Summer resident. Lives near water.

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Pigeons, Doves - Columbidae

Pigeons are larger than doves. Both will nest in trees or tall structures or on the ground (rarely). Their primary foods are seeds.

Mourning Dove - Zenaida macroura

12" (30cm). Brown. Makes a mournful cooing sound. Resident all year. Very common. Lives in or near woods.

Rock Dove - Columba livia

13.5" (34cm). Bluish-gray with black bands on the wings. Resident all year. Prefers open areas. This species is the bird most people mean when using the word "pigeon." Also called the "Domestic Pigeon." Technically, this bird is not a pigeon.

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Plovers - Charadriidae

Plovers are small shore birds with short bills. They eat insects, worms, and small marine creatures found in shore mud or sand. Their nests are found on the ground in depressions.

Killdeer - Charadrius vociferus

11" (28cm). Brown with white inderparts and black bands on the breast. Summer resident. Found in open areas, particularly along the shore.

Piping Plover - Charadrius melodus

7" (17cm). White with a black breast band at the base of the neck and yellow legs. Resident all year. Nests on sandy beaches.

Semipalmated Plover - Charadrius semipalmatus

8" (20cm). Browm with white underparts, black band on the breast at the base of the neck, and an orange bill with a black tip. Resident all year. Prefers beaches and marshes.

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Quail, Partridges, Pheasants - Phasianidae

Pheasants nest on the ground. The young eat insects, but the adult Pheasant prefers vegetation.

Ring-necked Pheasant - Phasianus colchicus

36" (91cm). Male is brown with a green head, white ring around neck, and red around the eye. Female is brown. Resident all year. Prefers fields.

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Rails, Gallinules, Coots - Rallidae

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots build their nests in dense acquatic vegetation. They eat insects, small marine animals, and vegetation.

Sora - Porzana carolina

10" (25cm). Brown with a gray breast, black spots, black forward of eyes, and a short yellow bill. Summer resident. Lives in marshes.

Virginia Rail - Rallus limicola

11" (28cm). Brown and black with a brownish-red breast, gray on the sides of the head, and a long red bill. Summer resident. Found in marshes.

Yellow Rail - Coturnicups noveboracensis

8" (20cm). Brown with white wing patches, a short yellow bill, and yellow feet. Summer resident. Prefers marshes and is difficult to find.

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Sandpipers - Scolopacidae

Sandpipers build nests on the ground. Their food consists of insects, small animals living in water, and some vegetation.

American Woodcock - Philohela minor

11" (28cm). Brown with reddish-brown underparts, long bill, and prominent eyes. Summer resident. May be found in woods near fields.

Common Snipe - Capella gallinago

12" (30cm). Brown and black with a long bill. Summer resident. Found in fresh water ponds and marshes. Folks who have been treated to the mythical snipe hunt may develop the opinion that snipes do not exist, but they do. Banging two rocks together during the storied snipe hunt won't attract snipes, but may flush them from the shores of ponds and marshes. Also called "Wilson's Snipe."

Curlew Sandpiper - Calidris ferruginea

8" (20cm). Brown in the summer. Gray back and white sides in the winter. Transient visitor. Prefers mud flats.

Dunlin - Calidris alpina

8.5" (21cm). Reddish-brown with black spots, gray back, and lighter underparts. Winter resident. May be found on beaches and mud flats.

Greater Yellowlegs - Tringa melanoleuca

14" (35cm). Gray with long yellow legs. Transient visitor. Found near both fresh and salt waters.

Least Sandpiper - Calidris minutilla

6" (15cm). Brown with white underparts, and yellow to green legs. Transient visitor. Prefers marshes.

Purple Sandpiper - Calidris maritima

9" (23cm). Mottled brown with yellow-orange legs. Winter resident. May be found among the rocks along the coast.

Red Knot - Calidris canutus

10.5" (26cm). Gray and black with white or tan underparts, white rump, and a short bill. Transient visitor. Found on tidal flats and among coastal rocks.

Ruddy Turnstone - Arenaria interpres

10" (25cm). Brown and black with a reddish back, white face with black markings, and orange legs. Transient visitor. May be found on beaches.

Ruff - Philomachus pugnax

11" (28cm). May be black, gray or brown. Rare transient visitor. Prefers meadows. Also called the "Reeve Ruff."

Sanderling - Calidris alba

8" (20cm). Brown with white underparts, white stripe on each wing, black bill, and black legs. Winter resident. Found on beaches.

Spotted Sandpiper - Actitis macularia

7.5" (19cm). Brown with black spots and light underparts. Summer resident. May be found near either fresh or salt water.

Western Sandpiper - Calidris mauri

6.5" (16cm). Gray and brown with white underparts spotted with gray. Transient visitor. Found on beaches.

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Shearwaters, Fulmers - Procellariidae

Shearwaters, Fulmers, and Petrels nest on the ground and usually on islands. They are most active at night when they search for food consisting of fish and other marine life.

Cory's Shearwater - Puffinus diomedea

22" (56cm). Gray with white underparts and a pale bill. Transient visitor. Found over the open ocean.

Greater Shearwater - Puffinus gravis

20" (51cm). Brown with white belly, white on the sides of the head, and a black bill. Transient visitor. Found over the open ocean.

Manx Shearwater - Puffinus puffinus

15" (38cm). Black with white belly. Transient visitor. Found over the open ocean.

Northern Fulmar - Fulmarus glacialis

18" (46cm). Gray with white underparts and yellow bill. Similar to gulls except the Fulmar beats its wings rapidly and glides in flight. Gulls beat their wings slowly. Winter resident. Prefers open ocean.

Sooty Shearwater - Puffinus griseus

18" (46cm). Brown with lighter colored wings. Summer resident. May be found over the open ocean.

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Shrikes - Laniidae

Shrikes build nests in trees. They eat insects and small animals like rodents and other birds. They tend to stay close to thorn bushes which they use to impale their prey.

Loggerhead Shrike - Lanius ludouicianus

10" (15cm). Gray with white underparts, and a black mask extending over the bill. Summer resident. May be found in open areas near trees.

Northern Shrike - Lanius excubitor

10.5" (26cm). Gray with white underparts, a black mask which ends at the bill, black tail, and some black on the wings. Transient visitor. Found near woods.

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Starlings - Sturnidae

Starlings flock together in large groups. They build nests in trees or tall structures. Their food consists mainly of insects.

Starling - Sturnus vulgaris

8.5" (21cm). Iridescent black with a long yellow bill. Resident all year. Prefers open areas.

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Storm-Petrels - Hydrobatidae

Storm-Petrels (not to be confused with Petrels - Procellariidae) nest on the ground along coasts and are in these nests only at night. During the day, they hunt for fish and small marine animals.

Leach's Storm-Petrel - Oceanadroma leucorhoa

9" (23cm). Dark brown to black with a white rear, and forked tail. Resident all year. Found over the open ocean. Seldom seen. Sometimes called "Leach's Petrel."

Wilson's Storm-Petrel - Oceanites oceanicus

7" (18cm). Dark brown to black with a white rear, but the tail is not forked. Resident all year. Found over the open ocean. Unlike Leach's Storm- Petrel, Wilson's Storm-Petrel will follow boats. Also called "Wilson's Petrel."

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Swallows - Hirundinidae

Swallows travel in large flocks. They build nests in trees or other structures or on the ground. Their food consists of insects.

Bank Swallow - Riparia riparia

5.5" (14cm). Brown with white underparts, and a brown band on the breast below the neck. Summer resident. May be found around rivers and streams.

Barn Swallow - Hirundo rustica

7.75" (20cm). Blue with cream colored underparts, and a brown patch on the throat. Resident all year. Prefers fields, marshes, and shores.

Cliff Swallow - Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

6" (15cm). Dark blue with white underparts, brown throat, and a white patch above the bill. Summer resident. Found in open areas.

Purple Martin - Progne subis

8.5" (21cm). Dark blue to purple. Summer resident. Prefers open areas.

Rough-winged Swallow - Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

5.75" (14cm). Brown with a light brown breast. Summer resident. May be found near streams and rivers.

Tree Swallow - Iridoprocne bicolor

6.25" (16cm). Blue or bluish-green with white underparts. Summer resident. Found near fresh water.

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Swans, Geese, Ducks - Anatidae

Swans, Geese, and Ducks establish nesting sites in high grass, brush, or other vegetated areas. Some like building nests on mounds or brush piles near water. Mallards and similar ducks will occupy and breed in duck boxes, similar to large bird houses, erected in the shallows of lakes, ponds, or marshes. Such boxes may be seen in the vicinity of Acadia National Park. This family of birds has species which eat only vegetation. Others will consume insects, fish, and other marine life as well. Ducks tend to eat insects, small animals living in water, and vegetation. Geese prefer vegetation, but the species listed below will eat insects also.

Barrow's Goldeneye - Bucephala islandica

20" (51cm). Male is white with a black back, purple head, and a crescent-shaped white patch between each eye and the bill. Female is gray with a white collar, and brown head. Winter resident. Found in bays.

Black Duck - Anas rubripes

22" (56cm). Brown with white on the bottoms of the wings, and an olive colored bill. Resident all year. May be found in fresh water.

Black Scoter - Melanitta nigra

21" (53cm). Male is black with a yellow and black bill. Female is lighter with an all black bill. Winter resident. Found on the ocean. Also called the "Common Scoter" and "American Scoter."

Blue-winged Teal - Anas discors

16" (40cm). Brown with a blue patch forward of wings. Male has a gray head. Summer resident. Found on fresh water.

Brant - Branta bernicla

30" (76cm). Brown with a black head and neck, white marks on the sides of the neck, and white underparts. Winter resident. Found in salt marshes.

Canada Goose - Branta canadensis

45" (114cm). Brown with black head, long black neck, and may have a white cheek patch. Transient visitor. May be found in fresh waters or fields.

Common Eider - Somateria mollissima

27" (68cm). Male is white with a black back and breast. Female is brown. Both have a long sloping bill. Resident all year. Found along the coast.

Common Goldeneye - Buccphala clangula

20" (51cm). Male is white with a black back, dark green head, and a round patch between each eye and the bill. Female is gray with a brown head and a white ring on the neck. Resident all year. Found on lakes and ponds in the summer and on bays in the winter.

Common Merganser - Mergus merganser

27" (68cm). Male is white with a dark green head and back, and a red bill. Female is gray with a brown head, and a white throat. Resident all year. May be found in any body of water. Also called "American Merganser."

Greater Scaup - Aythya marila

20" (51cm). Male is light gray to white with a black chest, and dark green head. Female is brown with a white patch around the bill. Winter resident. May be found on any body of water.

Green-winged Teal - Anas crecca

16" (40cm). Brown. Male has green around the eyes, gray sides with a white stripe, and a pink breast. Summer resident. Prefers marshes.

Harlequin Duck - Histrionicus hystrionicus

20" (51cm). Male is blue to gray with light brown flanks, and white patches. Female is brown with a white patch on either side of the head. Winter resident. Found along the coast.

Hooded Merganser - Lophodytes cucullatus

19" (48cm). Male is black with brown sides, white breast, and a black and white fan-shaped crest. Female is brown with a light brown crest. Summer resident. May be found on fresh waters in woods.

King Eider - Somateria spectabilis

25" (63cm). Black with yellow patches under eyes, light underparts, and an orange bill. Female is brown. Transient visitor. Found along coasts.

Mallard - Anas platyrhynchos

27" (68cm). Male is gray with a green head, white neck ring, and brown breast. Female is brown with a white tail. Summer resident. Found on fresh water lakes and ponds.

Oldsquaw - Clangula hyemalis

22" (56cm). Black and white with black wings. Transient visitor. May be found on bays.

Red-breasted Merganser - Mergus serrator

26" (66cm). Male is black and white with a dark green head, gray sides, and a white ring around the neck just above a red breast. Female has a brown head and a white breast. Both have red bills. Resident all year. May be found on either fresh or salt water.

Ring-necked Duck - Aythya collaris

18" (46cm). Male is black with a purple head, and gray to white sides. Female is brown with a purple to black head and white eye rings. Summer resident. Found on lakes and streams in woods.

Snow Goose - Chen caerulescens

30" (76cm). White to gray with black wing tips, a pink bill, and pink feet. Transient visitor. Prefers bays. Also called the "Blue Goose."

Surf Scoter - Melanitta perspicillata

21" (53cm). Male is black with white patches on the head. Female is brown with white patches in the cheeks. Winter resident. Prefers salt water.

Tufted Duck - Aythya fuligula

17" (43cm). Male is black with white sides, and a crest which extends from the back of the head. Female is brown with tan sides, a white patch above the bill, and no crest. Transient visitor. Rare. Found on water near woods.

Wood Duck - Aix sponsa

20" (51cm). Male is green, purple, and blue with a white patch on the chin, long green crest, white lines, red bill, and light underparts. Female is gray with a white eye ring. Summer resident. Found on fresh water in woods.

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Swifts - Apodidae

Swifts nest in tall structures like chimneys and eat insects while flying. When not flying, they will cling to trees or walls.

Chimney Swift - Chaetura pelagica

5.5" (14cm). Dark gray, almost black. Summer resident. May be found almost anywhere, always flying. Lives in chimneys or similar structures at night.

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Tanagers - Thraupidae

Tanagers nest in trees. They eat insects, but will eat fruit as well.

Scarlet Tanager - Piranga olivacea

7.5" (19cm). Olive-green. Male has black wings. When breeding, the male is a bright red with black wings and tail. Summer resident. May be found in woods.

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Thrushes - Turdidae

Thrushes nest in trees. Most build nests on tree limbs, but some (e.g. the Bluebird) will build the nest in the cavities of trees. Many will use bird houses. They eat insects, worms, and small fruits.

American Robin - Turdus migratorius

11" (28cm). Dark gray to black with a reddish-orange breast. Resident all year. Found in open areas near woods. Also called the "Robin."

Eastern Bluebird -Sialia sialis

7" (17cm). Blue with a red breast and white belly. Summer resident. May be found in open areas.

Gray-cheeked Thrush - Catherus minimus

8" (20cm). Grat with spotted underparts and gray on the sides of the head. Summer resident. Found in forests.

Hermit Thrush - Catharus guttatus

7.5" (19cm). Brown with a reddish-brown tail. Summer resident. Prefers forests.

Swainson's Thrush - Catharus ustulatus

7.75" (19cm). Brown with spotted underparts, cream-colored eye rings and cheeks. Summer resident. Found in forests. Also called the "Olive-backed Thrush."

Veery - Catharus fuscescens

7.25" (18cm). Brown with some spots on the breast and light brown underparts. Summer resident. Prefers deciduous woods.

Wood Thrush - Hylocichla mustelina

8" (20cm). Brown with reddish tinge on the head and white underparts with brown to black patches. Summer resident. Found in woods.

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Titmice, Verdins - Paridae

Titmice, sometimes called "tits," are small birds that nest in the cavities of trees and eat seeds and insects. When not breeding, they travel in flocks.

Black-capped Chickadee - Parus atricapillus

5.75" (14cm). Gray with white underparts. The head is black from the top to below the eye. Throat is black. Resident all year and very common. Lives in woods. See note under nuthatches above.

Boreal Chickadee - Parus hudsonicus

5.5" (14cm). Gray. Brown from the top of the head down the back. Black throat. White underparts and ckeeks. Resident all year. Lives in forests. Also called the "Brown-capped Chickadee."

Tufted Titmouse - Parus bicolor

6" (15cm). Gray with white underparts, red patch on the sides, and a gray crest. Resident all year. May be found in woods.

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True Owls - Strigidae

Owls use abandoned nests, usually in trees. All, except the Snowy Owl, hunt at night. They eat rodents and other small animals.

Barred Owl - Strix varia

20" (51cm). Grayish-brown with streaks of black. Resident all year. Found in woods near water.

Boreal Owl - Aegolius funerous

12" (30cm). Brown and white with a yellow bill. Rare winter resident. Prefers forests. Also called "Richardson's Owl."

Great Gray Owl - Strix nebulosa

33" (84cm). Gray with a black spot on the chin and yellow eyes. Rare winter visitor. Found in forests.

Great Horned Owl - Bubo virginianus

25" (63cm). White or brown and gray with a white throat and yellow eyes. Ear tufts stick out like horns. Resident all year. May be found anywhere over land.

Hawk Owl - Surnia ulula

17" (43cm). Gray and black with a long tail and a face with a black border. Rare winter resident. Found in forests.

Long-eared Owl - Asio otus

15" (38cm). Brown with long ear tufts and light brown around eyes. Resident all year. Found in forests.

Saw-whet Owl - Aegolius acadicus

7" (17cm). Brown with white and reddish-brown streaks and yellow eyes. Resident all year. May be found in woods.

Screech Owl - Otus asio

10" (25cm). Reddish-brown or gray with yellow eyes and large ear tufts. Resident all year. Prefers deciduous woods.

Short-eared Owl - Asio flammeus

16" (40cm). Brown with black patches around the eyes. Summer resident. May be found near marshes.

Snowy Owl - Nyctea scandiaca

24" (61cm). White with dark spots. Resident all year. Prefers open country.

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Tyrant Flycatchers - Tyrannidae

Flycatchers generally build nests in trees or large bushes. As the family name implies, they catch flying insects for food.

Alder Flycatcher - Empidonax alnorum

6" (15cm). Gray with white underparts, white bars on the wings, and a white eye ring. Summer resident. May be found near water. Also called "Traill's Flycatcher."

Eastern Kingbird - Tyrannus tyrannus

8.5" (21cm). Gray with white underparts, black head, and black tail with a white tip. Summer resident. Found in open country.

Eastern Phoebe - Sayornis phoebe

7" (17cm). Dark green to gray with light underparts. Resident all year. Found in open woodlands near water.

Eastern Wood Pewee - Contopus virens

6.5" (16cm). Gray with white on the wings and no eye ring. Summer resident. May be found anywhere over land.

Great Crested Flycatcher - Myiarchus crinitus

9" (23cm). Brown with a gray throat, yellow belly, and reddish-brown wings and tail. Summer resident. Found in woods. Also called the "Crested Flycatcher."

Least Flycatcher - Empidonax minimus

5.25" (13cm). Gray with white underparts, white wing bars, and white eye rings. Summer resident. Found in open areas.

Olive-sided Flycatcher - Nuttallornis borealis

7.5" (19cm). Olive colored with a white patch in the middle of the breast. Summer resident. Found in forests near water.

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher - Empidonax flaviventris

5.5" (14cm). Green with yellow underparts, white patches on the wings, and yellow eye rings. Summer resident. May be found in woods.

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Vireos - Vireonidae

Vireos are small birds that build nests that hang from tree branches. They eat insects.

Philadelphia Vireo - Vireo philadelphicus

6" (15cm). Olive colored with yellow underparts, white eyebrows, and a black line through each eye. Summer resident. Found in woods near water.

Red-eyed Vireo - Vireo olivaceus

6.5" (16cm). Dark green with white underparts; white, black-bordered eyebrows; and gray on the top of the head. Summer resident. Prefers deciduous woods.

Solitary Vireo - Vireo solitarius

6" (15cm). Green with white underparts, yellow on the sides, gray on the top and sides of the head, and white around the eyes. Summer resident. May be found in forests. Also called the "Blue-headed Vireo."

Warbling Vireo - Vireo gilvus

6" (15cm). Dark green with white underparts and narrow white eyebrows with no black borders. Summer resident. Prefers woods.

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Waxwings - Bombycillidae

Waxwings nest in trees, usually in an open part of the tree. They eat insects and berries.

Cedar Waxwing - Bombycilla cedrorum

8" (20cm). Brown with black mask and red patches on the wing tips. Summer resident. Found in sparse woods.

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Weaver, Finches - Ploceidae

Weavers and Finches tend to flock and build nests in trees. They eat insects and seeds. Although this family is very large, only two species live in North America. Most "Sparrows" are in the Fringillidae family.

House Sparrow - Passer domesticus

6.5" (16cm). Male is brown, black and gray with a black throat. Female is gray and black. Resident all year. Found in open areas often near buildings. Also called the "English Sparrow."

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Woodpeckers - Picidae

Woodpeckers nest in trees, usually in holes. They eat insects obtained from beneath the bark of trees with their sharp, strong bills.

Black-backed Three-toed Woodpecker - Picoides arcticus

9" (23cm). Black with white underparts. Male is yellow and female is black on the top of the head. Resident all year. Prefers coniferous forests. Also called the "Arctic Three-toed Woodpecker."

Common Flicker - Colaptes auratus

12" (30cm). Brown with black patches and a red patch on the lower back of head (nape). Resident all year. Found in open areas in or near woods. Also called the "Yellow-shafted Flicker" or the "Red-shafted Flicker."

Downy Woodpecker - Picoides pubescens

6" (15cm). Black and white with a short bill. Male has a red patch on the back of the neck (nape). Resident all year. Common. Found in woods.

Hairy Woodpecker - Picoides villosus

9" (23cm). Black and white with a long bill. Male has a red spot on the back of the neck (nape). Resident all year. Prefers deciduous woods.

Northern Three-toed Woodpecker - Picoides tridactylus

8.5" (21cm). Black with white underparts and white patches on the back. Male has yellow and female has black patch on top of the head. Resident all year. Prefers coniferous forests. Also called the "American Three-toed Woodpecker."

Pileated Woodpecker - Dryocopus pileatus

17" (43cm). Black with white stripes around the neck and a red crest. Resident all year. May be found in any forest.

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker - Sphyrapicus varius

8.5" (21cm). White and black with yellow tinted underparts, and a red patch on the top of the head. Male has a red throat. Summer resident. Found in woods.

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Wood Warblers - Parulidae

Wood Warblers build nests in trees, brush, or at the base of trees or rocks. They eat insects.

American Redstart - Setophaga ruticilla

5.5" (14cm). Male is black with white underparts and an orange patch on each wing. Female is brown with white underparts and yellow patches on the wings and tail. Summer resident. Found in woodlands. Nests in trees.

Bay-breasted Warbler - Dendroica castanea

5.5" (14cm). Male is black with white and brown underparts and brown on top of the head. Female is olive colored with brown underparts and white bars on the wings. Summer resident. Found in forests. Nests high in conifer trees.

Black and White Warbler - Mniotilta varia

5" (13cm). Black and white. Male has a black throat. Female has a white throat. Summer resident. Found in forests. Nests on the ground.

Blackburnian Warbler - Dendroica fusca

5" (13cm). Black and white with white wing patches. Male has an orange throat. Female has a yellow throat. Summer resident. Prefers Forests. Nests high in a conifer tree.

Blackpoll Warbler - Dendroica striata

5.5" (14cm). Green and black with white underparts. Breeding male is gray with white underparts and cheeks, and black on top of the head. Summer resident. Found in forests. Nests in small evergreen trees.

Black-throated Blue Warbler - Dendroica caerulescens

5" (13cm). Male is gray with white underparts and black on sides of head and neck. Female is olive colored with white eyebrows. Summer resident. Prefers forests. Nests near the ground in a tree.

Black-throated Green Warbler - Dendroica virens

5" (13cm). Black and white or light gray with a yellow face and green on top of head and upper body. Summer resident. May be found in forests. Nests in conifer trees.

Canada Warbler - Wilsonia canadensis

5" (13cm). Gray with yellow underparts and black spots on the breast at the neck. Summer resident. Found in woods. Nests on the ground.

Cape May Warbler - Dendroica tigrina

5" (13cm). Yellow and brown. Male has a light brown patch on each side of the head around the eyes. On the female this patch is green. Summer resident. Found in forests. Nests high in trees.

Chestnut-sided Warbler - Dendroica pensylvanica

5" (13cm). Brown with white underparts, a yellow patch on top of the head, and a brown horizontal line on each side. Summer resident. Prefers woods. Nests close to the ground in a small tree.

Common Yellowthroat - Geothlypis triches

6" (14cm). Brown with yellow underparts. Male has a black face mask. Summer resident. Prefers wet areas. Also called the "Yellowthroat." Nests on the ground in a clump of grass or weeds.

Magnolia Warbler - Dendroica magnolia

5" (13cm). Black with yellow underparts and a white patch on each wing. Summer resident. Prefers coniferous forests. Nests low in an evergreen.

Mourning Warbler - Oporornis philadelphia

5.5" (14cm). Green with yellow underparts and gray head. Male has a black patch at the throat. Summer resident. May be found in woods. Nests on or near the ground.

Nashville Warbler - Vermivora ruficapilla

5" (13cm). Green with yellow underparts, gray head, and white eye rings. Summer resident. Found in woodlands. Nests on the ground.

Northern Parula - Parula americana

4.5" (11cm). Blue with yellow throat and breast, and green patch on the back. Summer resident. Found in forests. Also called the "Parula Warbler." Nests in evergreen trees.

Northern Waterthrush - Seiurus noveboracensis

6" (15cm). Brown with yellow and black underparts, and yellow eyebrows. Summer resident. Found in wetlands. Nests on the ground.

Ovenbird - Seiurus aurocapillus

6" (15cm). Brown with dark streaked, white underparts; light eye rings; and black stripes on the top of the head. Summer resident. Found in forests. Nests on the ground.

Palm Warbler - Dendroica palmarum

5.5" (14cm). Olive-green with yellow underparts and red on the top of the head. Summer resident. May be found in marshes. Nests on the ground.

Tennessee Warbler - Vermivora peregrina

5" (13cm). Green with white to yellow underparts, gray on top of head, white eyebrows, and a black line through each eye. Summer resident. Found in woods. Nests on the ground.

Wilson's Warbler - Wilsonia pusilla

5" (13cm). Yellow with green streaks. Male has a black patch on top of the head. Summer resident. Prefers brush near water. Nests in a small tree.

Yellow-rumped Warbler - Dendroica coronata

6" (15cm). Blue and black with a white throat, yellow rump and yellow patch on the top of the head. Resident all year. Prefers forests. Also called the "Myrtle Warbler." Nests in conifer trees.

Yellow Warbler - Dendroica petechia

5" (13cm). Yellow with brown patches. Tail is mostly yellow. Summer resident. May be found in brush near water. Nests in small trees.

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Wrens - Troglodytidae

Wrens eat insects and other soft, small animals. Marsh wrens build nests on or near the tops of tall marsh plants. The other wrens occupy holes in trees or similar structures. They also use bird houses.

House Wren - Troglodytes aedon

5.25" (13cm). Brown with lighter underparts. Summer resident. Found in open areas.

Long-billed Marsh Wren - Cistothorus palustris

5.5" (14cm). Brown with white streaks on the back and white above each eye. Summer resident. Prefers marshes.

Short-billed Marsh Wren - Cistothorus platensis

4.5" (11cm). Cream colored with dark streaks. Summer resident. Found in fresh water marshes.

Winter Wren - Troglodytes troglodytes

4.5" (10cm). Brown with light eyebrows. Resident all year. May be found in forests.

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