American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

American Robin Sideview

The American Robin (Turdus migratorius) is a member of the Passeriformes order and Thrush (Turdidae) family. It should not be confused with the European "robin" that is a different species. It grows to just under one foot (30cm). The American Robin has a distinctive red to reddish-orange breast. Young robins may have spotted breasts. The upper parts are black in the males and dull gray in the females. The photograph below shows the back of a female.

American Robin Back

Robins are found throughout North America. In northern areas, their arrival after winter is considered a sign of spring. However, they may have wintered in the area but are generally not noticed during winter. They nest in trees or ledges of buildings. Robins are frequently seen in fields hunting for worms or insects. They usually breed twice a year laying three or more  blue-green eggs in mud-reinforced grass and twig nests.


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