Common Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

 

Common Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

The Common Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos), also known as the American Crow, is in the Passeriformes order and Jays, Magpies and Crows (Corvidae) family.1  Corvus is the Latin for "raven." (The Latin for crow is "cornix.")4 The species name,  brachyrhynchos, is two Greek words: brachy for "short" and rhynchos for "billed."1,3  Therefore, the scientific name means "short-billed raven." The Common Crow is found throughout North America except the far north. It winters as far north as southern Canada.2

The adult Common Crow is from 17 inches (43 centimeters) to 21 inches (53 centimeters) long, jet black, with a fan-shaped tail, see the photograph below. The similar Common Raven (Corvus corax) has a wedge-shaped tail and is bigger.1,2

Common Crow

This crow's nest is built on the branches of a tree and consists of  twigs lined with grass and feathers. The female lays three to six eggs. Each egg is olive green with dark brown spots.1,2

Common Crows eat carrion, insects, garbage, seeds and small animals. They may carry West Nile Virus.1,2

References:

1. American Crow, retrieved from "https://en wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=American_crow&oldid=784141236", June 19, 2017.

2. Bull, John and John Farrand, Jr., The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Birds, Eastern Region, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1986.

3. Gove, Philip Babcock, Ph.D., Webster's Third International Dictionary, G. &C. Merriam Company, Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A., 1971.

4. Traupman, John C. Ph. D., The New College Latin and English Dictionary, Bantam Books, New York, 2007.

 

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