Brown Bullhead Catfish (Ameiurus nebulosus or Ictalurus nebulosus)

 

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Brown Bullhead Catfish (Ameiurus nebulosus or Ictalurus nebulosus) are fishes of the class Osteichthyes (Boney Fishes) found in French Hill Pond. They are of the order Siluriformes, an order of fishes that have an acute sense of hearing because their swim bladder is connected with their inner ear. The family is the Ictaluridae or Bullhead Catfish family. These fish are also commonly called "Horned Pout" or "Mud Pout." The order name comes from the Latin name for catfish. Ictaluridae and Ictalurus are derived from the new Latin for fish and Greek for cat. Nebulosus is Latin for "foggy." 

Brown Bullhead Catfish grow to almost 20 inches (51 centimeters) and can weigh over five pounds (2.3 kilograms). They are commercially raised as food and are popular as a main dish in the southern parts of the United States. The turbidity of French Hill Pond may alter the taste of the catfish caught therein.

These fish spawn in June and July only when the water is warm.

Brown Bullhead Catfish are black to olive-brown on their backs. Their sides are lighter but have brownish spots. The bellies are white. There are two fins on their backs, a dorsal fin behind the head and a smaller fin, called an "adipose fin," between the dorsal fin and the tail. They have two fins along their bottoms, a small fin about midway and a large anal fin with 21 to 24 rays (sections) closer to the tail. The pectoral fins, just behind the head, have strong serrations that can injure the handler. Handle them with care. They also have four pairs of threadlike, fleshy projections of skin called "barbells," on the upper jaw.

These fish are bottom feeders. They eat plants, insects, leeches and other fish.



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