Bog Goldenrod (Solidago uliginosa)

Downy Goldenrod (Solidago puberula) 

The Bog Goldenrod (Solidago uliginosa), also known as the Northern Bog Goldenrod, is a perennial forb/herb of the Aster Family (Asteraceae). It grows in or near wet areas like bogs. The genus name is from the Latin, "solido," meaning "to make whole or heal." Native Americans used this herb to treat boils. The species name is from the Latin for "in wet areas (marshes)."  This herb grows to as tall as five feet (1.5 meters).

The leaves are lance-shaped, long, narrow and clasping a reddish, round stalk. The leaves become shorter as they are higher up the stem. The basal (base) leaves are the longest.

Downy Goldenrod (Solidago puberula) Flowers 

The flowers are clustered in a pyramidal, spike-like arrangement at the top of the stem. Each ray flower has up to eight yellow petals around a yellow, tubular disk flower. The flower cluster is usually over six inches (15 centimeters) long and much narrower than long. This forb blooms from July to September.

The fruit is a small dry seed attached to a pappus (filaments allowing the seed to be carried by the wind).

The root system is a rhizome.

This plant is favored by bees, filters water and helps stabilize the soil. An almost identical species of Goldenrod that grows in drier ground is the Stout Goldenrod (Solidago squarrosa) but this related species has many more tubes in the disk flower and some flowers may be interspersed in leaf axes lower on the stem . 

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