Red Pine (Pinus resinosa)

Red Pines

The Red Pine (Pinus resinosa); also called the Canadian Pine, Norway Pine, Eastern Red Pine or Pin Rouge; is an evergreen conifer in the Pine Family (Pinaceae). The family and genus names are from the Latin for "pine." The species name is from the Latin for "very resinous." Native Americans used the inner bark of this tree as a poultice. It is currently used for poles, posts, lumber, logs for cabins, railway ties, fuel, and pulpwood. The bark may be used for tanning. This tree is often planted for landscaping and in recreational areas because it is easy to grow and the bark is colorful.

Red Pine (Pinus resinosa)

It will grow to a height of 80 feet (24 meters) with a small irregular or rounded crown. The bottom part of a mature tree will generally be branchless. The bark is reddish brown to gray with large scaly plates as seen in the photograph below. The dark-green, evergreen needles are 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 centimeters) long in fascicles (bundles) of two. The egg-shaped, light-brown cones are 1½ to 2¼ inches (4 to 6 centimeters) long. There are 52,160 seeds to a pound (0.45 kilograms).

 

Red Pine (Pinus resinosa) Bark

The minimum root depth is 40 inches (one meter).

 

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